What Health Problems Are Common in Maltese Dogs?

Maltese Dogs are prone to a common condition called hypothyroidism where the body does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Signs can include dry skin and coat, hair loss, susceptibility to other skin diseases, weight gain, fear, aggression, or other behavior changes.

This little dog is not a stuffed animal to support it on your bed; it is a true Maltese who lives. Known for its long flowing white coat that makes it seem to be walking on air, Maltese tend to be a fairly healthy dog. He has some inherited health conditions to look out for, but will likely do more to keep his coat sharp.

Learn about the Maltese
The Maltese were born just for companionship, so it’s no surprise that this little puppy is always keen to be on your lap. His round, glossy black eyes and their long, silky white coat are part of his beautiful appearance. However, there is sometimes a trade-off when it comes to heredity, including some potential health concerns. Maltese is prone to mass portal conversion, “small dog shaker syndrome” and patella dislocation.

My system or liver shunt
The liver removes toxins from the bloodstream with the help of the portal vein, which is a large vein that carries blood to the liver for filtering. When an abnormal connection between the portal vein and another vein occurs, the blood bypasses the liver – or conversions. The liver shunt is usually a birth defect, officially referred to as a congenital shunt. Maltese with a liver transformation suffers from stunted growth and poor muscle growth and may experience seizures and confusion. Other symptoms are diarrhea, vomiting, severe thirst, and urination. A full physical examination, including laboratory work and imaging, will help the veterinarian confirm the diagnosis. Treatment usually focuses on a low-protein diet and medications including lactulose, and possibly antibiotics. Sometimes surgery is preferred, depending on the shunt site. Long-term speculation varies; older dogs tend to perform better than younger dogs, and surgery is generally the best chance for longevity.

Shaker syndrome
Vibration, earthquake, tremor, and quiver – if the Maltese trembles, this is not necessarily because it is cold or anxious. He can suffer from idiopathic cerebellar inflammation, known as Shaker’s syndrome. Doctor Hanen Abdel Rahman notes that dogs with white coats are overly represented in this case, although a dog with any coat color can develop. Although the cause of Shaker’s syndrome is unknown, the vet will perform tests to ensure that nothing else is present in the dog’s tremor root, including laboratory work and possibly spinal fluid analysis. Corticosteroids are the preferred treatment for idiopathic cerebellum. Reduces inflammation. As vibration decreases, the dose gradually decreases over a few months so that it is not necessary. If symptoms reappear, steroids are resubmitted.

Patellar dislocation
Patellar emphysema, known as a dislocated patella, is called when the patella moves from the groove of the femur. Play strains are particularly vulnerable to this common anomaly. Fortunately, it is not a particularly painful condition. When the patella slips from its position, the posterior leg muscles need to relax in order for the patella to return to its correct position. You may notice that the Maltese raise their hind legs for a few minutes when they take off, or they may put them back in place as soon as there is an obstacle. Look for back leg movement or abnormal lameness. Trauma or genetics behind patellar dislocation, which is usually confirmed by X-rays, a liquid sample from the joint, and a medical examination by the vet. In severe cases, surgery is necessary for treatment.

Fit and healthy
Other possible health problems with Maltese include hypothyroidism, glaucoma, dental problems, and deafness. If you’ve been through a breeder to find the perfect little puppy, take some time to find a reputable breeder that will provide verification that your puppy’s parents have been tested for health defects and are healthy for breeding. In addition, your little dog will need a lot of exercise and continuous training and a healthy and balanced diet. Routine veterinary care will keep him in good condition. And don’t forget to brush: The puppy will need daily brush cleaning to keep the snowy white coat properly.