Swallowing problems in dogs are referred to as dysphagia. There are many causes of dysphagia. It could be a sign of a minor problem, disease, or a more serious injury. Early diagnosis is important to ensure proper treatment. Bring your dog to the vet for an appropriate diagnosis of the first signs of swallowing problems.
Dysphagia can be caused by paralysis of the jaw, paralysis of the tongue, dental disease, swelling, wasting of chewing muscles, or due to the inability to open the mouth. Animals with dysphagia often eat unchanged, such as tilting the head to one side or throwing the head back while eating.
If your dog shows any signs of swallowing problems, it should be taken immediately to the veterinarian for an appropriate diagnosis. Swallowing problems in dogs can be very painful, and if left untreated they can lead to malnutrition, pneumonia, or even death.
It is very important to correctly diagnose the cause of the swallowing problem. The vet will examine your head and mouth dogs. Next, they will likely need a full oral examination that requires anesthesia. The vet may also order blood tests, urine analysis and possibly x-rays for the head, neck, and chest. Additional specialized diagnostic tests may also be required to confirm the diagnosis of a swallowing problem.
Swallowing problems in dogs have many possible causes. These include:
- Nerve dysfunction: inflammation or damage to the chewing muscles, tongue, gums, mouth, or pharynx. Muscular dystrophy.
- Bone or teeth fracture Dental problems Foreign body Sachet, tumor or granuloma Airway disease Poisoning Immune disorder
The most common symptoms of swallowing problems are coughing, nasal secretions, and vomiting. Other symptoms may include:
Treatment or treatment
Treatment of swallowing problems varies depending on the diagnosed cause. Treatment should start as soon as possible and may include:
Diet changes – smoother food, tube feeding, or intravenous feeding may be recommended for antibiotics – to fight bacterial surgery medications for specific disease stimulants – to treat infections
How is dysphagia treated in dogs?
Treatment of abnormal sphincter function has involved surgical myotomy or myectomy of the cricopharyngeus muscle, although this procedure is controversial. The prognosis for uncomplicated sphincter abnormalities after surgical myotomy is guarded, as some dogs can have an exacerbation of their dysphagia following surgery.