Dogs can have an increase in blood fat, which is called hyperlipidemia, in the form of both triglycerides and cholesterol. The most common cause when a blood test is detected is a modern meal test. Sometimes dogs may have gallbladder or kidney problems.
Triglycerides are a type of fat molecule or fat in the body. Triglyceride levels usually fluctuate in dogs, especially after a meal. However, chronic high triglycerides can indicate an underlying medical condition that requires immediate diagnosis and treatment. Your veterinarian may recommend simple dietary changes to start, followed by medical intervention if levels do not improve.
Reasons for high triglycerides
The triglyceride levels usually rise after eating the dog, but you should return to normal after 3 to 10 hours. If the levels remain elevated after 12 hours, the dog may experience hyperlipidemia, which is the name of the extra fat molecules in the blood. Hypothyroidism can increase triglyceride levels, such as being overweight and inactive. Liver problems can cause elevated triglyceride levels. High levels of corticosteroids can also increase triglyceride levels. This can be caused by some medications or a medical condition such as Cushing’s disease. In some dogs, the cause is classified as idiopathic, or unknown. Some of them may have hereditary conditions that prepare them for high triglycerides.
Effects of high triglycerides
High triglyceride levels can cause potentially dangerous conditions in dogs if left untreated. For example, dogs with hyperlipidemia may be more likely to develop acute pancreatitis. While animals with severe pancreatitis are known to often contain high levels of triglycerides, it is not known whether they are caused or caused by the condition. However, since the two are simultaneously present, it is safe to monitor and manage triglyceride levels in your dog. Pancreatitis can cause unpleasant symptoms, including pain, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, trouble breathing, irregularities in the heartbeat and dehydration.
Your veterinarian may recommend a diet that’s less than 10 percent fat or high in fiber. Preparing a homemade diet gives you more control over your fat and fiber levels, but it may be difficult to balance vitamins with the necessary nutrients. Alternatively, you can buy commercial dog food that is low in fat, although some dogs are reluctant to eat it because the lack of animal fats gives it a pleasant taste. Your dog may need to follow a restricted diet for the rest of his life. You can add omega-3 fatty acids, usually found in fish oil, to your dog’s diet to reduce triglycerides.
Triple triglycerides should be checked again four weeks after changing your dog’s diet. If changes and supplements do not regulate levels, your veterinarian may prescribe medications. Also, if high triglyceride levels are caused by an underlying condition, your veterinarian will likely focus on treating or controlling this condition, at least first.
How can I reduce triglycerides in my dog?
If changing diet does not reduce fat levels enough, giving omega-3 fatty supplements in the form of fish oil can also help. Other treatments are chitosan to help the body get rid of extra fat or niacin (vitamin B3) which reduces liver production of triglycerides.
How is hyperlipidemia in dogs treated?
Management of primary hyperlipidemia in dogs is achieved by eating very low-fat diets with or without administration of lipid-lowering drugs such as omega-3 fatty acids, fibers, niacin, and statins.
Why does the dog suffer from high cholesterol?
High levels of cholesterol in dogs are less frequent than in humans. Hyperlipidemia can be considered an equivalent to high cholesterol for dogs. Hyperlipidemia often arises from other basic diseases such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, pancreatitis, liver disease, obesity, and a high-fat diet.