In healthy dogs or cats, the urine pH is typically in the 6.5 to 7.0 range. If the pH is acidic (pH below 6) or alkaline (pH above 7) it may allow bacteria to thrive and crystals or stones to form. However, do not be alarmed if your pet’s urine pH is not 6.5.
The level of acidity in the urine varies from day to day. Kidney function is to control and maintain electrolytes and acid-base balances based on dog diet and exercise. Urine pH is high or low in itself does not necessarily mean there is a problem, but if the pH outside the base is combined with other symptoms, you should examine the dog for various problems, such as urinary tract infections, stones and crystalluria.
Urine pH is less than 7.0
Urine 7.0 is neutral. Anything less indicates acidic urine. Usually, a healthy dog that feeds on the main meal once a day, as opposed to two to three times a day, has a pH acidity. The pH of the urine should not be much less than 6.2. If it drops below 6.0, there may be a systemic problem.
Urine pH is higher than 7.0
Anything above neutral pH 7.0 indicates alkaline urine. If your dog is fed a diet rich in carbohydrates – like many grains – he may have an alkaline pH. Some medications may also cause your pH to be alkaline. If your dog constantly has alkaline urine, he or she may have a urinary tract infection. Some bacteria that cause urinary tract infections and kidney infection also produce an enzyme that converts alkali urine.
A dog with alkaline urine may appear constantly with kidney stones. Kidney stones are known as crystals. Some kidney stones occur due to excessive use of sulfonamide antibiotics. The kidneys may also be unable to reabsorb the bicarbonate, which causes alkaline urine.
Kidney stones or crystals are generally diagnosed by examining the pH level of dog urine, followed by X-rays. There are no other external symptoms of kidney stones until the dog begins to pass – a painful and bloody process.
Treatment or treatment
Treatment for kidney stones involves treating the underlying cause. If kidney stones are associated with alkali urine, risk factors are eliminated and urine volume increases. This is done through diet modification and sometimes drug therapy.
What causes the dog’s high pH?
After that, the urine pH should be tested. As you suggested, a high pH can make your dog more susceptible to urinary tract infections, but a high pH can also be a result of infection. … On the other hand, dogs with a low pH in the urine (very acidic) are susceptible to oxalate crystals.
How do I raise the pH of my dogs?
The urine pH should be 7.0-7.5 in dogs and 6.3-6.6 in cats. If the urine pH remains below these values after adjusting the diet, potassium citrate may be given at 80-150 mg/kg/day, y, bid divider, to increase the pH.
What foods cause struvite crystals in dogs?
Other causes of alkaline urine such as kidney disease, long-term use of diuretics or antacids, and other conditions that cause high urine pH or high levels of urine phosphorous or ammonia can lead to the dog’s willingness to form Struvite bladder stones.
What should I feed with struvite crystals?
Examples include brewer’s yeast for dogs that contain urate stones, vitamin C or calcium for dogs that contain calcium oxalate stones, or products that cause urine alkalinity in the struvite stones. A specially designed diet is a powerful tool that can prevent and treat some types of bladder stones in cats and dogs.
What can I feed a dog with strophe crystals?
Long-term nutrition for these diets will eventually lead to more health complications. The best proteins for dogs that are ready for stones or crystals are poultry or white meat. Also, avoid large amounts of organ meats and red meat protein.
What foods make dogs urine acid?
If your dog has neutral or alkaline urine, acidification of the urine can help, whether you do this with a Hills CD or a homemade diet. Meat products also acidify urine. (It is strange that a diet rich in citrus fruits, vegetables or dairy products will increase the alkalinity of urine.)
How do I make my dog’s urine less acidic?
Even a small amount of nitrogen in a dog’s urine may be all it takes to burn the lawn. Sprinkle the areas where the dog urinates with water. Pouring water over the area after your dog urinates will help relieve urine and reduce the effects of nitrogen on your garden.