In cases where the platelet count is so low that it becomes life-threatening, a dog may need a blood transfusion. A full blood transfusion may also be needed in cases of anemia. Some infections may be treated with antibiotics.
Low platelet count, or thrombocytopenia, is a serious disease that requires veterinary care. Platelet dogs often require hospitalization and emergency blood transfusions. After the initial life-threatening period has passed, your veterinarian may recommend additional treatment, such as antibiotics, to treat any underlying infection or problems.
What is the low platelet count
Platelets are parts of cells that help prevent blood loss when a blood vessel is broken or an injury occurs. When the number of platelets is low, there is a risk that the animal will bleed even from a small injury. Thrombocytopenia can be congenital, but most cases are obtained. This means that they occur after severe blood loss, bone marrow problems, or taking some medications, including aspirin, acetaminophen, and penicillin.
Signs and symptoms
A dog with a low platelet count does not always show symptoms. Sometimes a blood test will only show that something is wrong. Some dogs experience bleeding gums, or they may bleed after injection. Some dogs also develop bruising easily and develop nosebleeds or a red rash caused by broken capillaries and leakage under the skin. Without blood transfusion, the dog becomes weaker, weaker, and can die. Always seek immediate veterinary care if your dog shows any of these symptoms.
Treatment depends on the condition of the dog and the underlying cause, but many dogs require blood transfusions. In addition, dogs with a weak immune system may need immunosuppressive medications, such as corticosteroids. They may need antibiotics or other medications to treat conditions associated with low platelet count. Serious cases may require hospitalization until the dog is strong enough to return home. Conditions that can lead to low platelet count include cancer, pancreatitis, and poor bone marrow production.
Thrombocytopenia caused by severe blood loss may require blood transfusion or sometimes. Without a blood transfusion, your dog will likely be traumatized. If a blood transfusion is necessary, it is usually an urgent decision. Blood transfusion reactions are always a risk, so dogs should be closely monitored. The risk of a negative reaction, which can cause shock or even death, is higher in dogs that have had blood transfusions in the past.