Anal sac disease is very common in dogs. Cysts (often clogged) are usually affected due to inflammation of the ducts. The secretion inside the affected cysts will increase and the cyst will become swollen and swollen. … an abscess will appear as a painful, red, hot swelling on one or both sides of the anus.
It is characterized by swollen red swelling on the sides of the dog’s anus, and anal gland infection causes bacteria that enter the gland, most likely through the duct. Affected dogs may bite or lick the area under their tail, or release their bottoms to the floor to relieve discomfort. Untreated infections may cause an anal cyst to burst, resulting in damage to the anus and rectum.
The health of the anal sac function
The anal glands are found in all predators, which are two small pockets located below and to the sides of the anus. The cysts line up with sebaceous glands, secretory glands, or sweat that produce an oily liquid. The liquid is emptied through a thin short canal near the inner edge of the anus. When a dog passes stools, the pressure on the anal sacs causes it to release its pungent liquid onto the surface of the stool, making it easier for dogs to distinguish the area and recognize other dogs with the unique scent of glands.
Causes and risk factors
Some factors may create conditions that encourage injury to the dog’s anal glands. Small breeds of dogs, such as chihuahua, toys and miniature dogs are particularly vulnerable, said doctor Hanen Abdel Rahman. Although the causes of infection may be unknown, dogs that produce chronic stools or recover from diarrhea attacks may be at risk of developing an infection of the cyst. Some dogs may produce more glandular secretions, leading to degenerations. Others may have weakened anal muscle and therefore cannot produce excess fluid. Anal cyst infection may occur more frequently in a dog that has been diagnosed and treated for anal cyst cancer.
Many dogs are sensitive to processed cereals found in commercial pet foods, and anal glands infection may be the result of this allergy. According to Dr. Hanen Abdel Rahman, a veterinarian in Switzerland, foods that contain corn, potatoes, soybeans, wheat, oats, and rice can lead to dogs’ self-response that leads to fluid build-up in the dog’s anal bags. Dogs may experience similar symptoms due to the constant consumption of only one or two types of protein. Baker suggests feeding a species-appropriate diet along with probiotics and digestive enzymes to reduce digestion and avoid infection. Dogs with chronic soft stool may benefit from a fiber supplement, such as bran, to add large amounts.
Diagnosis and treatment
If the dog’s anal glands are injured, the vet will perform a physical examination and may inquire about the dog’s history, when the symptoms appeared, and what happened to the condition worsening. A chemical blood coil, electrolyte plate, urine analysis, and complete blood count can be performed to rule out other causes. The vet may take a fluid sample from the affected bag for testing and culture, and it will express the bags if they are not torn. Once drained, the bags can be cleaned and rinsed, then treated with antibiotics. If dog formation prevents the anal bags from emptying normally, surgical correction may be necessary to prevent future infection.