The British Shorthair is the pedigreed model of the traditional British domestic cat, with a distinctively stocky body, dense coat, and large face. The most familiar color variant is the “British Blue,” a strong grey-blue coat, copper eyes, and a medium-sized tail. The breed has additionally been developed in a huge variety of other colorations and patterns, together with tabby and colorpoint.
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it is one of the most ancient cat breeds acknowledged, originating from European domestic cats imported into Britain by means of the invading Romans within the first-century advert. nowadays, it remains the maximum famous pedigreed breed in its native country, as registered by means of the UK’s Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF).
The breed’s proper-natured look and relatively calm temperament make it a frequent media celebrity, significantly as the inspiration for John Tenniel’s famous illustration of the Cheshire Cat from Alice in Wonderland. The Cat Fanciers’ association profile reads: “while gracelessness is observed, the British Shorthair is duly embarrassed, fast getting better with a ‘Cheshire cat smile'”
The origins of the British Shorthair most probably date back to the first-century advert, making it one of the maximum ancient identifiable cat breeds within the world. it’s a far concept that the invading Romans to begin with delivered Egyptian domestic cats to exquisite Britain. these cats then interbred with the nearby European wildcat population. Over the centuries, their naturally remoted descendants evolved into distinctively large, robust cats with a short but very thick coat, to better withstand conditions on their local islands. based totally on artists’ representations, the current British Shorthair is unchanged from this preliminary type.
Selective breeding of the great examples of the kind began within the nineteenth century, with emphasis on growing the uncommon blue-grey variation referred to as the “British Blue” or “English kind” (to distinguish it from the extra high-quality-boned “Russian kind”). some sources directly credit UK artist, and pioneering cat fancier, Harrison Weir with the preliminary idea of standardizing the breed. Others recommend a collection of breeders may have been concerned. the brand new British Shorthair became featured at the first-ever cat display, organized by Weir and held at the Crystal Palace in London in 1871, and loved top-notch initial reputation.
via the 1890s, with the arrival of the newly imported Persian and different lengthy-haired breeds, the British Shorthair had fallen out of favor, and the breeding stock had emerged as seriously uncommon by way of global war I. at the least partly to relieve this, British Shorthair breeders mixed Persians into their bloodlines. The genes thus brought could subsequently become the basis for the British Longhair. at the time, any long-haired cats produced were placed into the Persian breeding program. As all cats with the blue coloration had been then judged together as variants on a de facto single breed. The Blue Shorthair, outcrossing of the British with the Russian Blue has been also common.
After the conflict, in an try and hold the breed trendy, the GCCF determined to simply accept only 0.33-era Persian/British Shorthair crosses. This contributed to every other shortage of natural breeding stock through international conflict II, at which factor the Persian and Russian Blue have been reintroduced into the mixture. British Shorthair breeders additionally worked with the French Chartreux, another historical breed, which although genetically unrelated to the British Blue, is a totally comparable cat in appearance. Breeders labored to re-setup the true British type, and by using the overdue 1970s, the distinctive British Shorthair had finished formal reputation from both the Cat Fanciers’ affiliation (CFA) and The global Cat affiliation (TICA). in line with the GCCF’s 2013 registry facts, it’s miles over again the most famous pedigreed breed in its native.
The British Shorthair is a noticeably effective-searching big cat, having a wide chest, sturdy thick-set legs with rounded paws and a medium-period, blunt-tipped tail. the top is fairly big and rounded, with a short muzzle, extensive cheeks (most great in mature adult males, who have a tendency to expand outstanding jowls) and big spherical eyes which can be deep coppery orange within the British Blue and in any other case vary in color depending at the coat. Their massive ears are large and extensively set.
The British Blue variant can often be careworn with the gray Scottish Fold. but, the Shorthair may be characterized by means of having its pointy triangle ears, while the Fold has softer, folded ears.
they’re gradual to mature in evaluation with most cat breeds, reaching complete physical improvement at about three years of age. surprisingly among home cats, they’re a rather sexually dimorphic breed, with males averaging 9–17 lb (four.1–7.7 kg) and females 7–12 lb (3.2–5.4 kg).
Coat, color, and patterns
The British Shorthair’s coat is one of the breed’s defining functions. it’s far very dense but does not have an undercoat; as a result, the texture is plush in preference to woolly or fluffy, with a company, “crisp” pile that breaks particularly over the cat’s body as it moves.
although the British Blue remains the maximum familiar variation, British Shorthairs had been advanced in many different colorations and patterns. Black, blue, white, pink, cream, silver, golden and—maximum recently—cinnamon and fawn are frequent by using all reputable standards, both strong or in colorpoint, tabby, shaded and bicolor styles; the GCCF, FIFe, and TICA additionally take delivery of chocolate and its dilute lilac, disallowed within the CFA general. All colorations and styles additionally have tortoiseshell variations.
The Tabby patterns encompass: traditional Tabby, Mackerel Tabby, spotted & Ticked Tabby. The non-tabby styles include Tortoiseshell, Bi-shade, Van styles Bi-colour & White, Smoke, Tipped & Colourpointed.
they are an easygoing and dignified breed, now not as energetic and playful as many but sweet-natured and dedicated to their proprietors, making them a fave of animal running shoes. They have a tendency to be secure around different pets and youngsters due to the fact they will tolerate a fair quantity of bodily interaction, but in general, they do not like to be picked up or carried. They require only minimal grooming and take well to being stored as indoor-simplest cats; but, they may be prone to weight problems unless care is occupied with their food regimen.
the UK breed committee considers the British Shorthair a long-lived cat, with a life expectancy of 14–two decades. Vet clinic statistics from England shows an average lifespan of 11.8 years. Swedish insurance facts put the median lifespan of the breed at >12.5 years. eighty-two % of British Shorthairs lived to ten years or greater and fifty-four % lived to twelve.5 years or extra.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) may be a problem inside the breed. A Danish incidence has a look at with greater than 329 cats confirmed that 20.4% of men and a pair of.1% of the women had HCM. On pinnacle of this 6.4% of males and three.5% of ladies had been judged to be equivocal. HCM checking out of adult males used for breeding is now obligatory for breeders organized below the Danish Fife member, Felis Danica.
The breed is a notion to be at high hazard of polycystic kidney disorder (PKD). A DNA check lab has noted a great decrease in the PKD mutations in tested populations. carrier frequency is now at 1%.
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Price and budget The purchase price of a British Shorthair are between 600 $ and 2000 $. The annual maintenance cost of a British Shorthair is between 200 $ and 500 $.
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Full color: Full-colored British Shorthair cat is found in white, black, blue, red, cream, chocolate, and lilac. Eyes are from copper to orange color, except white, which may have blue eyes or be different. In addition to the white variety, no white hairs or spots may be present in the coat.